Playing wind instruments generates less eros

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image: Classical musician and award-winning professional trumpeter Alison Balsom participating in the PERFORM-2 study. Alison is pictured in an operating room (an aerosol-free environment) playing the recorder in a funnel that allows researchers to measure aerosols generated by playing the instrument.
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Credit: University of Bristol

The aerosol generated by playing wind instruments and brass instruments is less than that produced during vocalization (speaking and singing) and is no different from a person’s breathing, according to new research. The results, published online in the journal Aerosol science and technology, could be crucial in developing a roadmap to lift COVID-19 restrictions in the performing arts, which have been severely curtailed since the start of the pandemic.

The research project, known as PERFORM (ParticulatE Respiratory Matter to InForm Guidance for the Safe Distancing of PerfOrmeRs in a COVID-19 PandeMic), was supported by Public Health England, the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and UKRI and was carried out by a collaborative team from Imperial College London, University of Bristol, Wexham Park Hospital, Lewisham and Greenwich NHS Trust and Royal Brompton Hospital.

The study looked at the amount of aerosols and droplets generated when playing wind and brass instruments compared to breathing and vocalization (speaking and singing). The work was performed in an environment without background aerosol particles to complicate the interpretation of the measures, with nine musicians playing 13 wind and brass instruments.

The research team found aerosols (

Large droplets (> 20 m in diameter) were not observed while playing an instrument but were observed during singing and coughing. Together, the results indicate that playing woodwinds and brass generates less aerosol than vocalizing at high volume levels.

The aerosol emission concentrations of musicians during breathing and vocalization were consistent with the results of a study conducted last year on a large group of professional singers. No difference was found between the aerosol concentrations generated by professional and amateur performers when breathing or vocalizing, suggesting that aerosol generation is consistent between amateur and professional singers, regardless their vocal training.

Dr Bryan Bzdek, senior lecturer at the School of Chemistry, University of Bristol and corresponding author of the article, said: Restrictions related to COVID-19, as many activities in the performing arts have been and continue to be ‘be severely restricted. “

Jonathan Reid, director of the Bristol Aerosol Research Center and professor of physical chemistry at the School of Chemistry at the University of Bristol, added: “This study confirms that the risks of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 are likely to be high during vocalization at high volume. in poorly ventilated spaces. In comparison, playing wind instruments, such as breathing, generates fewer particles that could carry the virus than speaking or singing.

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Paper

“Generation of aerosols and droplets while playing with wind instruments and brass instruments” by Jonathan P. Reid, Pallav L. Shah and Bryan R. Bzdek et al. in Aerosol science and technology


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